In 1956 he began Neon, a literary magazine for which he edited six issues. In the early '60s he was an editor and a contributor for Kulchur magazine and served as an editor for Grove Press from 1965-1970. Over the course of his life, he wrote more than thirty books, including the postmodern masterpieces Mulligan Stew and two books that were finalists for the PEN/Faulkner Award: Little Casino and Aberration of Starlight. He taught creative writing at Stanford University for many years, and received, among many other awards and honors, two Guggenheim Fellowships, a Lannan Literary Award, and the 2005 Lannan Lifetime Achievement Award. He died on May 18, 2006.